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Pilot Shop Blog — Education

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What is a Pilot in Command (PIC)?

What is a Pilot in Command (PIC)? 0

When we think of the pilot in command, to us that usually means the person who is actually in the left seat flying the aircraft. This generalization is often true, but the details of who counts as the pilot in command (PIC) and when pilots can log pilot in command time, especially on a multi-pilot crew are not always that straightforward.

How to Calculate True Airspeed and What It Is (Guide)

How to Calculate True Airspeed and What It Is (Guide) 0

Ask a racecar driver what their top speed is, and it is an easy answer. No calculations required. The same applies to a sprinter or marathon runner. Airspeed in the world of aviation, however, is a more complex topic. We have not just one type of airspeed, but many, and each has a different purpose.

How it Works: Airspeed Indicator (Extensive Guide)

How it Works: Airspeed Indicator (Extensive Guide) 0

No matter what type of vehicle you are commanding, one of the most important things to know is how fast you are traveling. For that, you need to consult an instrument of some type. Cars have speedometers, and aircraft have airspeed indicators.

Restricted Airspace: What You Should Know

Restricted Airspace: What You Should Know 0

You are planning a weekend getaway and want to fly a straight line to your destination but as you consult the sectional, you realize that there is a large patch of restricted airspace right in the middle of your proposed flight path. Going around it would add over an hour to your flight, but that is your only option, right?

5 Ways to Sharpen Your Skills with Microsoft Flight Simulator 2020

5 Ways to Sharpen Your Skills with Microsoft Flight Simulator 2020 1

It has been nearly forty years since the original 1982 Microsoft Flight Simulator was released, and fourteen years since its last update courtesy of 2006’s Flight Simulator X, but the wait is finally over, and Microsoft Flight Simulator 2020 delivers. The latest version takes advantage of the robust capabilities of current and future computing systems that support rendering of the virtually photo-real graphics courtesy of Azure AI.

The 4 Types of Airspeed: How Each Works (Complete Guide)

The 4 Types of Airspeed: How Each Works (Complete Guide) 0

On the ground, speed is relatively simple to measure, and vehicles like cars only measure one type of speed. Once you take to the air though, other factors like air density and wind come into play and must be accounted for. Accounting for and quantifying the impact of these factors is what led to the definition of the four different types of airspeed.

Wake Turbulence Avoidance: All the Details to Keep in Mind

Wake Turbulence Avoidance: All the Details to Keep in Mind 0

You are setting up your approach for a landing in your Cessna 172 when you realize that a large jet is in the pattern just ahead of you. Before you can react, your whole plane is violently shoved to the side and rolls as if pushed by an invisible hand. You quickly right yourself and resume course as your understandably flustered passenger asks, "What just happened?" Your answer? "Wake turbulence."

How to Read METAR Aviation Reports (Complete Guide)

How to Read METAR Aviation Reports (Complete Guide) 0

One of the skills pilots must learn and excel at is meteorology. It is important to be adept at reading weather reports and forecasts then using them to make informed flight decisions. There are multiple reports to consult, and METARs are one of the primary sources for current weather information. Learning how to read a METAR is a key part of being a safe pilot.

Class D Airspace: Everything You Need to Know

Class D Airspace: Everything You Need to Know 0

As a pilot flying out of a smaller airport just big enough to have a control tower, you will quickly become familiar with Class D airspace. This type of airspace is one that most general aviation pilots will encounter and need to be well-versed in.

How to Read a TAF (Terminal Aerodrome Forecast)

How to Read a TAF (Terminal Aerodrome Forecast) 0

For all the new pilots wondering how to read a TAF, you are not alone. Pull up a terminal aerodrome forecast, and you will quickly realize that the entire thing is written using codes or acronyms that must be deciphered and decoded. The good news is that TAFs and METARs use many of the same abbreviations, so once you learn one, the other will be much easier and quicker to grasp.

Class C Airspace: All the Details You Need to Know

Class C Airspace: All the Details You Need to Know 0

When talking airspace, the closer we get to the beginning of the alphabet, the more nervous some pilots become. Each class of airspace moving towards A is accompanied by extra rules and regulations that can seem intimidating.

How to Read an Altimeter (Complete Guide)

How to Read an Altimeter (Complete Guide) 0

A cockpit can be outfitted with all the gauges in the world, but if a pilot is not comfortable reading them and using that information to make an informed decision about flying the aircraft, what is the point? An altimeter is one of those key gauges that every pilot must be competent using.