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How to Become a Helicopter Pilot (Step-By-Step Guide)

How to Become a Helicopter Pilot (Step-By-Step Guide)

Almost everyone looks up when they hear a helicopter flying overhead, right? There’s a certain mystique about helicopters and the people who pilot them. Helicopters are fast, they’re agile and they can get into places that a fixed wing aircraft couldn’t hope to. Helicopter pilots conduct search and rescue operations, they airlift wounded military members out of hot zones, they provide aerial reconnaissance, civilian medical transport and more.

Is this the career for you? Let’s find out.

How much does it cost to get a helicopter pilot’s license?

The total cost for a private helicopter pilot certificate averages between $12,000 and $16,000. Budget an additional $18,000 - $35,000 for your commercial license.

If one of your career goals includes teaching, you will need to become a certified flight instructor. Factor in another $4,000 - $11,000 for your CFI rating.

When planning your budget, remember that your personal costs will vary depending on where you go for your training, who you train under and how many actual flight hours it takes for you to become a proficient helicopter pilot.

Is it worth becoming a helicopter pilot?

Helicopters are significantly more expensive to fly and maintain than fixed wing aircraft. This explains why many private pilots choose to go the fixed wing rather than the rotor route. Unless you have a substantial budget, flying a helicopter can be a cost prohibitive hobby.

That doesn’t mean that it isn’t worth becoming a helicopter pilot. To negate the high flight costs, many private helicopter pilots simply go on to earn their commercial helicopter pilot certificate. Making piloting your career means your costs are covered and you get paid to do something you enjoy.

How much does a helicopter pilot make a year?

With a new commercial license and minimal flight time, your best paying starter job will like be as a flight instructor. This is why it makes sense to get your CFI rating along with your commercial license. The average pay for a helicopter flight instructor is around $30,000 a year.

A mid-range helicopter pilot salary is usually attainable once you’ve logged over 1,000 hours of flight time. Tour pilot positions pay around $40,000-$50,000 and if you land an emergency services role, your salary will be closer to $50,00 - $90,000.

Firefighting helicopter pilots are well-paid seasonal employees earning an average of $75,000 per fire season.

Finally, score a job as pilot for business executives, VIPs or with an offshore oilrig, and you can make $100,000+.

Is it hard to become a helicopter pilot?

Piloting a helicopter may be challenging, but the process to get there isn’t that hard. All you need to do is follow the steps the FAA has laid out – get the training, learn the skills, log the hours and pass the tests.

Here’s how to get started:

Step-By-Step Guide to becoming a helicopter pilot

1.      Check that you meet the FAA’s minimum eligibility requirements

For a private helicopter pilot certificate, you must:

  • Be at least 17 years old
  • Be fluent at reading, writing and speaking English
  • Be able to provide proof of identity
  • Be able to qualify for and obtain a 3rd class FAA medical certificate

For a commercial helicopter pilot license, you must:

  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Be fluent at reading, writing and speaking English
  • Be able to provide proof of identity
  • Be able to qualify for and obtain a 2nd class FAA medical certificate
  • Have already earned a private helicopter license

2.      Get your student pilot and medical certificates

If you don’t already have a pilot’s license and medical certificate, you will need to get both. New pilot students need a student pilot certificate. Follow the step-by-step instructions in our student pilot certificate guide to walk through the process of submitting your application and getting your physical examination.

If you already have a pilot’s license, confirm that it is valid and that your medical is current.

3.      Attend ground school & pass your written knowledge test

Before you get up in the air, you will receive ground instruction from your flight instructor. This is when you will be introduced to helicopter systems and operations, emergency procedures, navigation, regulations, chart reading, meteorology and more.  The ASA Helicopter Flying Handbook is a useful resource to have for this part of your training.

Once they feel you are ready, your flight instructor will sign you off and you can take your written knowledge test. Pass that test, and you are on to flight training.

4.      Complete the FAA required flight time & become proficient

Each pilot certificate has its own set of required flight hours. Remember that the hours listed are minimums, and most students will take more than the minimum to reach proficiency.

Private Helicopter Pilot

  • Total required hours: 40
  • Training breakdown:
    • 20 hours of training with CFI
    • 10 hours of solo training including:
      • 3 hours cross-country
      • A cross-country that is over 100 miles and includes landings at 3 points
      • 3 takeoffs and landings from an airport with a control tower
    • 3 hours of cross-country training
    • 3 hours of night training including:
      • A cross-country over 50 miles
      • 10 takeoffs and landings
    • 3 hours of training must occur within 2 months of taking check ride

                Commercial Helicopter Pilot

  • Total required hours: 150
  • Training breakdown:
    • 100 hours in a powered aircraft
      • At least 50 of these hours must be in helicopters
    • 100 totals hours of pilot-in-command time
      • At least 35 of these hours must be in helicopters
      • At least 10 of these hours must be on cross-country flights
    • 20 hours of training time including:
      • 5 hours of IFR
      • An over 50-mile daytime cross-country flight lasting at least 2 hours
      • An over 50-mile nighttime cross- country flight lasting at least 2 hours
      • 3 hours of practical test preparation with your instructor within 2 months of your check ride
    • 10 hours of solo flying including:
      • A cross-country flight which includes landings at 3 points and has a segment longer than 50 miles
      • 5 hours of night flying which includes 10 takeoffs and 10 landings

5.      Pass your practical test

Once your instructor signs off, you are ready to take your practical test or check ride. Your instructor will have helped you prepare for both the oral and hands-on portions of this test. Pass your test, file your paperwork and you’re a pilot.

Want to learn more? Check out the ASA Helicopter Flying Handbook (ASA-8083-21B).

ASA Helicopter Flying Handbook (ASA-8083-21B) New Edition

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